Early marriage records st louis
Only a few civic buildings were constructed during the early 19th century. The original St.
Louis courthouse was built in and featured a Federal style stone facade with a rounded portico. However, this courthouse was replaced during renovation and expansion of the building in the s. The Old St. Louis County Courthouse locally known as the Old Courthouse was completed in and was notable for having an early cast iron dome and for being the tallest structure in Missouri until Finally, a customs house was constructed in the Greek Revival style in , but was demolished and replaced in by the U.
Customhouse and Post Office. Because much of the city's early commercial and industrial development was centered along the riverfront, many pre-Civil War buildings were demolished during construction of the Gateway Arch.
Hancock County Marriage Index (1849 - 1956)
The city's remaining architectural heritage of the era includes a multi-block district of cobblestone streets and brick and cast-iron warehouses called Laclede's Landing. Now popular for its restaurants and nightclubs, the district is located north of Gateway Arch along the riverfront. Other industrial buildings from the era include some portions of the Anheuser-Busch Brewery , which date to the early s.
Louis saw a vast expansion in variety and number of religious buildings during the late 19th century and early 20th century. The largest and most ornate of these is the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis , designed by Thomas P. Barnett and constructed between and in the Neo-Byzantine style. Louis Cathedral, as it is known, has one of the largest mosaic collections in the world.
Another landmark in religious architecture of St. Louis is the St. Stanislaus Kostka , which is an example of the Polish Cathedral style.
Among the other major designs of the period were St. Louis in Richardsonian Romanesque. By the census , St.
Louis was the fourth largest city in the country. Its architectural legacy is somewhat scattered. Among the fair-related cultural institutions in the park are the St. Louis Zoo. The Missouri History Museum was built afterward, with the profit from the fair. But left other assets to the city, like Theodore Link 's St. Louis Union Station , and an improved Forest Park. The city is divided into 79 government-designated neighborhoods. The following is a list of neighborhoods of the city of St.
Louis, Missouri. Much of the area is a fertile and gently rolling prairie that features low hills and broad, shallow valleys. Both the Mississippi River and the Missouri River have cut large valleys with wide flood plains. Limestone and dolomite of the Mississippian epoch underlie the area, and parts of the city are karst in nature.
This is particularly true of the area south of downtown, which has numerous sinkholes and caves. Most of the caves in the city have been sealed, but many springs are visible along the riverfront. Coal, brick clay , and millerite ore were once mined in the city. The predominant surface rock, known as St.
Louis limestone , is used as dimension stone and rubble for construction. Near the southern boundary of the city of St. Louis separating it from St. Louis County is the River des Peres , practically the only river or stream within the city limits that is not entirely underground. The lower section of the river was the site of some of the worst flooding of the Great Flood of The city's eastern boundary is the Mississippi River, which separates Missouri from Illinois.
The Missouri River forms the northern line of St. Louis County, except for a few areas where the river has changed its course. The Meramec River forms most of its southern line. The urban area of St. The city experiences hot, humid summers, and chilly to cold winters. It is subject to both cold Arctic air and hot, humid tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico. The average annual temperature recorded at nearby Lambert—St. Louis International Airport , is Louis experiences thunderstorms 48 days a year on average.
Lying within the hotbed of Tornado Alley , St. Louis is one of the most frequently tornadic metropolitan areas in the U. Severe flooding, such as the Great Flood of , may occur in spring and summer; the often rapid melting of thick snow cover upstream on the Missouri or Mississippi Rivers can contribute to springtime flooding. Before the founding of the city, the area was mostly prairie and open forest. Native Americans maintained this environment, good for hunting, by burning underbrush.
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Trees are mainly oak , maple , and hickory , similar to the forests of the nearby Ozarks ; common understory trees include eastern redbud , serviceberry , and flowering dogwood. Riparian areas are forested with mainly American sycamore. Most of the residential areas of the city are planted with large native shade trees. The largest native forest area is found in Forest Park. In autumn, the changing color of the trees is notable.
Most species here are typical of the eastern woodland, although numerous decorative non-native species are found. The most notable invasive species is Japanese honeysuckle , which officials are trying to manage because of its damage to native trees. It is removed from some parks. Large mammals found in the city include urbanized coyotes and white-tailed deer. Eastern gray squirrel , cottontail rabbit , and other rodents are abundant, as well as the nocturnal Virginia opossum. Large bird species are abundant in parks and include Canada goose , mallard duck , as well as shorebirds , including the great egret and great blue heron.
Gulls are common along the Mississippi River; these species typically follow barge traffic. Winter populations of bald eagles are found along the Mississippi River around the Chain of Rocks Bridge. The city is on the Mississippi Flyway , used by migrating birds, and has a large variety of small bird species, common to the eastern US. The Eurasian tree sparrow , an introduced species, is limited in North America to the counties surrounding St. The city has special sites for birdwatching of migratory species, including Tower Grove Park.
Frogs are commonly found in the springtime, especially after extensive wet periods. Common species include the American toad and species of chorus frogs commonly called spring peepers , which are found in nearly every pond. Some years have outbreaks of cicadas or ladybugs. Mosquitoes, no-see-ums , and houseflies are common insect nuisances, especially in July and August; because of this, windows are nearly universally fitted with screens.
Invasive populations of honeybees have sharply declined in recent years. Numerous native species of pollinator insects have recovered to fill their ecological niche, and armadillos have been regularly seen throughout the St.
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Louis area, especially since Louis grew slowly until the American Civil War, when industrialization and immigration sparked a boom. Midth century immigrants included many Irish and Germans; later there were immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. In the early 20th century, African American and white migrants came from the South; the former as part of the Great Migration out of rural areas of the Deep South. Many came from Mississippi and Arkansas. After years of immigration, migration, and expansion, the city reached its peak population in That year, the Census Bureau reported St.
Louis began losing population to the suburbs, first because of increased demand for new housing, unhappiness with city services, ease of commuting by highways, and later, white flight. Louis's population decline has resulted in a significant increase of abandoned residential housing units and vacant lots throughout the city proper; this blight has attracted much wildlife such as deer and coyotes to the many abandoned overgrown lots.
Louis has lost The population of the city of St. Louis has been in decline since the census; during this period the population of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area, which includes more than one county, has grown every year and continues to do so. A big factor in the decline has been the rapid increase in suburbanization.
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According to the United States Census , St.