What is the background information of a science project

The first purpose is to explain what you intend to do. This is essentially what you will do in your experiment or project, summarized into a basic overview.

Background Information for Science Projects

The second function of a research proposal is to explain how you intend to accomplish this. You will give a brief summary of the methods and techniques that you intend to employ, and list the materials that you will need to do so. The final point of a research proposal is to explain why this project should be done. Here, you will discuss the important or relevance of this study. Now that you know the aim of a research proposal, you can begin to prepare to write one. In order to narrow this down, you should consider a few different angles. You will be more likely to feel engaged and passionate about a project that is genuinely interesting to you, so take some time to carefully consider the areas of science that you find the most fascinating.

Keep a running list of areas of science that sincerely fascinate you. Next, consider any specialized labs or equipment to which you might have access.


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Does your school have a state-of-the-art wind tunnel or fully equipped greenhouse? These are all possible resources you can utilize if you want your project to truly stand out.

Finally, consider if you know a teacher or other professional who might be willing to mentor you. Having a mentor in your field will provide you with invaluable insight into practice and past research in the field. In the ideal world, you would find a project that maximizes all of your resources, including your interests, access to equipment, and an enthusiastic mentor. Plenty of science fair participants go on to do quite well relying on only their own dogged determination and commitment to their subject matter.


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Sometimes the outside perspective will help to fine-tune your design or identify areas for improvement. You should also begin some research at this stage to learn how similar projects have been conducted in the past. Use the results and limitations from these experiments to help guide your own experimental design. As you do so, keep in mind any limiting factors.

Some have strict regulations designed to keep you safe, like limiting the ways in which potentially hazardous chemicals can be used. Other rules are designed to keep the environment safe, like placing restrictions on how you dispose of foreign substances or non-native species. There are also ethical rules that govern the use of human participants or vertebrate animals in your studies. Our free guidance platform takes into account your history, background, test scores, and extracurricular activities to show you your real chances of admission—and how to improve them.

Your background research should be fairly comprehensive at this point and will be the single largest component of your research proposal. You should focus on your research on relevant past studies that inform your work either by identifying areas for future research or by identifying limiting factors in their own research.


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You should also research past experiments that support or attempt to disprove your working theory. Finally, your research should clearly show why the project is relevant. What is important about it? What does it add to the field?

Why should we care? If not, and you are producing a general research proposal, follow this format:. This should be a one-paragraph description of the project, your hypothesis, and the goals of your experiment. Deeper analysis can be achieved by all students when taken step by step. Teachers and others should encourage them to keep asking questions and to delve deeply into the literature and data — this will strengthen their projects, and help them become experts themselves! However, by focusing on these two areas, students can vastly improve their literature search skills, learn to effectively integrate information from different sources, and ultimately increase their depth of understanding: 1.

Credible sources: Here are some questions for your students to consider when deciding whether a source is credible: Does the source have a good reputation? A well-reputed source is ideally peer-reviewed, or at the very least will cite all of its sources. Is the author or publication generally regarded as reputable? Is the author truly an expert in the field? Expert authors have credentials and experience in the field, as well as a connection to established organizations. Consider the difference between Wikipedia, which can be edited by the general public, and scientific journals, which are peer-reviewed and written by researchers.

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Obviously, the latter is far more beneficial. Is the source recent? Scientific developments are constantly evolving, and information quickly becomes outdated. There are of course a few exceptions to this rule but in general, only sources in the previous five years should be considered. Does the source express a neutral perspective? Variable was clearly identified.

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A detailed list of all items used in the lab is included. Materials included, some minor items are missing. List very incompleted, basic lab equipment is missing. Description or step-by-step process is included, could be repeated by another scientist. Description included, some steps are vague or unclear. Difficult to repeat following the steps. Very unclear or pivotal steps missing. Results and data are clearly recorded, organized so it is easy for the reader to see trends.

All appropriate labels are included. Results are mainly clear and labeled, minor errors in organization or recording data. Results are unclear, missing labels, trends are not obvious, disorganized. Not enough data to justify results. Summarizes data used to draw conclusions 2. Controlled variables are discussed. Possible applications or real world connections are mentioned 4.

Hypothesis is rejected or accepted based on the data. Scientific concept or principle involved in the experiment is included. Lab report submitted as directed, and on time. Directions were followed, stations were cleaned. All safety protocols followed. Most of the "very good" conditions were met; possible minor errors in format or procedures. Skip navigation Scientific Method and Science Project. Introduction: How does Science work? Task 2. Your lab report Reinforcement tasks Extension tasks.

Step 2 - Write the Draft

Task 4. Your lab report. Image Gallery.